Published: 01 Nov 2021
The UK’s National Human Rights Institutions are warning that the human rights implications of the climate crisis must be tackled during the UN Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP26) in Glasgow.
The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, Scottish Human Rights Commission and the Equality and Human Rights Commission highlight that climate change threatens the effective enjoyment of a wide range of human rights including the right to life, water and sanitation, food, health, housing, self-determination, culture, and development.
As National Human Rights Institutions, the Commissions have a mandate to promote and raise public awareness of the relationship between human rights and the climate crisis.
COP26 is an important event to make progress in the fight against climate change, and to drive the global response needed to tackle the human rights issues associated with it.
The three bodies are using this opportunity to remind the UK Government of its human rights obligations to prevent the foreseeable adverse effects of climate change and ensure that those affected by it, particularly young people and those in vulnerable situations, have access to effective remedies and means of adaptation to enjoy lives of human dignity.
Progress has been made and the Commissions welcome the recent passing of a resolution by the United Nations Human Rights Council recognising access to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment as a universal right. We are hopeful this will be a catalyst for change in addressing issues around climate change that have affected the human rights of many.
The Commissions join in calling on the UK Government to show leadership at COP26 by making specific commitments to better protect human rights in the context of climate change.